GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

Geography and climate

The country is made up of two regions, Peninsula Malaysia and East Malaysia (Borneo) across the South China Sea.

The Peninsula Malaysia is divided into the East Coast and the West Coast by the Main Range in the middle. Most of Malaysia is covered by forest, with a mountain range running the length of the peninsula. Extensive forests provide ebony, sandalwood, teak, and other wood.

East Malaysia is geographically rugged, with a series of mountain ranges running through the interiors of both Sabah and Sarawak. The Crocker Range in Sabah is the site of Mt Kinabalu the highest peak in South East Asia.

The climate is tropical. Malaysia is generally warm throughout the year with temperatures ranging from 21 to 32 degrees in the lowlands. The humidity level is high at 80% throughout the year. The dry season is from May to September and the rainy season from November to March.